Even if you have turned off all news sources over the past two years, it would be hard to escape the urgent alarms regarding opioid misuse in the US. The statistics are remarkable.
- Since 1999, overdose deaths involving opioids quadrupled.1
- 2000-2015: greater than half a million people died from drug overdoses.
- 91 Americans die every day from an opioid overdose.
- 1999 to 2010: number of prescription opioids sold to pharmacies, hospitals, and doctors’ offices nearly quadrupled. 2,3
This is compelling evidence that we have a problem—perhaps some more than others. Opioid addiction is a frequent challenge for those caring for adults in the Emergency Department with some centers (e.g., rural) seeing more of this than others. Those who care for injured and ill children are left with two important questions: (1) What is the evidence regarding opioid addiction in children? (2) To what extent is the management of acute pain in the Emergency Department contributing to an increase in opioid related morbidity and mortality?